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astro300_f10:fourth_day_plan [2010/09/15 18:55] (current)
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 +======AY 300 - Fall 2010: Fourth Day Lesson Plan======
 +===== Goals of today'​s class =====
 +    * Demo presentation
 +    * How to write quizzes
 +    * Assign GSI visitations
 +    * Plan for next sections!
 +===== Recap Previous Week/2 Weeks (20 min) =====
 +    * How did sections go?
 +    * Did you write in your teaching log?
 +    * What worked/​didn'​t work?
 +===== Homework Discussion (15 min) =====
 +   * Discuss in small groups.
 +       * Summarize it.
 +       * How/why does it discourage learning?
 +       * Is there ever a reason to purposely do it?
 +       * What are some ways to avoid it?
 +    * In large group:
 +       * What are some concrete pieces of advice you have taken/can take from this article?
 +===== Demos (35 mins) =====
 +==== Activity ====
 +  * Go to 264, gather materials for 4-5 demos, have them design a presentation in small groups (15 mins)
 +  * Have at least 2 groups present, and we all critique (15 mins)
 +  * Choose Design-a-demo groups -- will present in 3 weeks. Have an idea to bounce off us next week. (5 mins)
 +==== Notes from last year ====
 +  * Demo basics:
 +    * Demos are a great addition to a standard/​dry worksheet.
 +    * Sometimes they actually do help elucidate concepts and students like doing "​hands-on"​ experiments (this **is** a science class!).
 +    * As always, the EBRB is a great resource and has a page devoted to [[private:​ebrb:​demos|demos]].
 +    * In addition, on a given topic'​s page in the EBRB, there should be listed any relevant demos.
 +  * What makes a good demo?
 +    * Illustrating difficult physical concept(s)
 +    * Interactive:​ students can participate
 +    * A springboard to new topics
 +    * Straightforward:​ minimal risk of failure
 +    * Demo actually illustrates concept in question
 +  * When demos go wrong:
 +    * Demos **can and sometimes do** FAIL!
 +    * Sometimes, especially in astronomy, they can confuse students more than help them or oversimplify a concept.
 +    * Materials may be missing or broken, so CHECK IN ADVANCE!
 +  * Some of our favorite demos:
 +    * Describe them briefly
 +    * Remind everyone that most are written up in the EBRB and on the Resources handout (and wiki page)
 +    * Do **bolded** ones?
 +    * Keep going until a couple minutes before this chunk of class is supposed to be done
 +    - Arc lamps: Put high voltage through tubes of gas and look through diffraction gratings to see spectral lines. ​ On the EBRB [[private:​ebrb:​light_blackbodies_spectral_lines_and_the_doppler_effect|Light Blackbodies Spectral Lines and the Doppler Effect]] page, "under Line spectroscopy and arc lamp activities"​.
 +        * C10 already did this, this year.. Check if useful to describe for 10...?
 +        * Head GSIs will train GSIs
 +        * Students like this one
 +        * Make sure the stuff is there if your section is early in the day.
 +        * Test it yourself and make sure you can see lines so you can help your students better.
 +    - Warping of Spacetime: A 2D analogy using stretchy black fabric and balls/​weights. ​ No worksheets exist in the EBRB for this one, but feel free to make one!  We might do this one in Ay 300 later in the semester.
 +    - Celestial sphere, phases of the moon, seasons, orbits: Styrofoam balls, a lamp or flashlight, people getting up and moving around. ​ Many worksheets go with these kinds of demos and can be found on the Demos page of the EBRB or on the Celestial Sphere, Gravity and Orbits, and Earth/​Moon/​Sun System pages of the EBRB.
 +         - Retrograde motion //(Discuss pitfalls)//
 +         - Day & night on Earth (circle up around a lamp and groups of 3)
 +         - Lunar phases (balls on a sticks around a lamp and groups of 3)
 +         - **Seasons (circle up around a lamp)**
 +         - **Lunar rotation and orbit (//i.e.// tidal locking) (one person orbits another with the Moon's arms outstretched)**
 +    - **Parallax with your finger (very simple, “close one eye then the other” kind of thing)**
 +    - Doppler shift of sound (whirling a buzzer on a string)
 +    - Class H-R diagram (too long to do in Ay 300)
 +    - Stating in words, stating in math, drawing, and acting out Kepler'​s and/or Newton'​s Laws (can be done with a worksheet, or just have students take notes as each group presents their law) (too long to do in Ay 300)
 +    - Donut/bagel on a string (though I'm sure profs will do it in class)
 +    - Jumping on a chair with balls being thrown (though I'm sure profs will do it in class)
 +    - (Rayleigh) Scattering of Light: Fill a fish tank with water and a couple drops of milk and shine a flashlight through it to show scattering of blue light and transmission of red light. On the EBRB [[private:​ebrb:​light_blackbodies_spectral_lines_and_the_doppler_effect|Light Blackbodies Spectral Lines and the Doppler Effect]] page there'​s a worksheet called "​Emission,​ Absorption, Scattering, and Nebulae"​ and one called "​Scattering Demo."
 +    - Planetary Nebulae (and Limb Brightening and Optical Depth): use a Hoberman sphere covered in Christmas lights to show how spherical radiating clouds can appear ring-like. ​ On the EBRB's [[private:​ebrb:​stellar_evolution|Stellar Evolution]] page, there'​s a worksheet called 'Limb Brightening:​ "​Hoberman Planetary Nebula"​ Demo.'
 +    * Physics has some, but it's kind of a pain to check them out, but some are good for section and some are good for full lecture.
 +  * Remind everyone that they'​re required to "​Design a Demo":
 +     * You are required to design a demo for the class you are teaching.
 +     * Hopefully the demo will be easy to construct so that we can get funds through Dexter for you to build the demonstration. If the demo is very expensive, you will only be required to write-up your idea for the EBRB so that the idea can be revisited later by future GSIs.
 +     * Will discuss more later in the semester
 +===== Break (5 mins) =====
 +===== Quizzes (25 mins) =====
 +==== Activity ====
 +  * Start by having them try to answer each other'​s questions in small groups, noting how long it takes (5 mins)
 +  * Critique each other'​s questions for difficulty, specificity,​ length, appropriate level (10 mins)
 +  * Discuss what we've come up with in large group (10 mins)
 +     * Aaron will compile a list of points we've come up with and email it out
 +==== Notes from last year ====
 +  * We'll pass out a handout in a few minutes which summarizes pretty much all the points we're about to make.
 +  * These points are valid for both quizzes and exams:
 +     * Test the material emphasized - Exams should reflect the fact that students should know the big concepts really well, as opposed to knowing a bunch of smaller concepts only peripherally.
 +     * Keep questions short and to the point - Students should spend the majority of their test time thinking and answering/​writing,​ **NOT** reading.
 +     * Edit questions for clarity - Clear questions tend to be shorter and if anything is ambiguous it confuses and slows down students and makes it harder for you to grade it fairly. ​ Have someone else take your exam to give some feedback. ​ If you're taking an exam for someone else, be critical and think about possible ambiguities.
 +     * Don't write a long test - Keep it concise, to the point, and clear! ​ The rule of thumb is your average student will take double or triple the time it takes a GSI to complete the exam.  Also, 90% of your students should finish the exam completely in the allotted time.
 +  * Quizzes vs. Homeworks
 +     * They'​re quite similar in their construction and type of questions.
 +     * The main difference is that quizzes should be shorter and have easier questions, since students have much less time to work on quizzes and must work on them alone.
 +  * Quizzes are:
 +     * short
 +     * usually given in section
 +     * questions are of exam difficulty (//i.e.// easier than homework questions)
 +     * Not too in-depth or calculation-based. Some light calculation might be OK, but take care. (Not everyone will remember a calculator no matter how many times you remind them, and many people will be petrified of the idea of computing things on their own.)
 +     * usually only cover recent material (//i.e.// the past 2-3 weeks)
 +  * Quizzes are used:
 +     * by the GSI to gauge each students'​ understanding of recent material **individually** (as opposed to homeworks which can be done in groups)
 +     * by the student to gauge their own understanding of recent material **and** get a feel for what a college level intro science course non-Scantron exam will look like and what level of understanding they are expected to have for the exams
 +     * by the prof to get a grade early in the semester that's more important than a single homework, but isn't the big production that an exam is (you might not have covered enough material for a full exam)
 +  * What makes good ones?
 +     * not too long (both in length of individual questions and number of questions)
 +     * not too hard
 +     * not too easy (shoot for a variety of difficulties in questions)
 +     * relevant to recent material
 +     * varied in the //types// of questions (multiple choice, fill in the blank, calculation/​mathematical,​ read a graph, free/​paragraph response)
 +     * unambiguous with easy-to-read questions
 +     * not mathematically demanding - questions should probably not require a calculator and should definitely not include extensive tedious calculations
 +     * representative of same knowledge required for exams
 +     * gradable for partial credit (not simply binary right/wrong like Scantron exams)
 +     * specific about what you're looking for in free response type questions: Don't give students the opportunity to '​core-dump'​ for a problem, it wastes their time spewing forth useless information and makes your life tougher when you have to grade the mess.
 +     * quick to grade (this makes your life much easier and helps the grading be more fair for all of your students)
 +  * Quizzes are meant to be //​relatively//​ low stress (especially compared to full exams)
 +  * Distribute the anonymized quiz questions
 +  * Break into groups of 2-3 and critique the questions
 +  * Come back together as a class and discuss a question or two from each group
 +  * Hand out the [[astro300_f09:​writing_tests|handout]].
 +  * **We will discuss grading these quizzes next week**
 +===== Assignments for Next Week (5 mins) =====
 +  - Choose groups and fill out the table on the design-a-demo page.
 +  - Also, do the reading we will send out later this week.
 +===== Section Planning (10 mins) =====
 +Spend a few minutes exchanging ideas for what to do for your next section.
 +===== Assignment for next week =====
 +   * Visit another GSI's section, fill out the evaluation form, and meet with that GSI to discuss their section. Bring the form to class next week to be discussed and collected.
 +   * There are three readings from Barbara Davis'​s //Tools for Teaching.// If you print the files, you will need to rescale the PDF. Each of you will be assigned one subsection of the reading (although you are encouraged to read everything). Here is what you do:
 +        - Read the ideas from your assigned subsection.
 +        - Pick out one or two ideas that you think are the most important. You will summarize these ideas to the class next week.
 +        - Write in a short paragraph how you would implement these ideas in your section. These paragraphs will be collected and commented upon.
 +Here are the reading assignments:​
 +For {{:​astro300_f10:​davisdiscussion.pdf|Leading a Discussion}}
 +   * Marin - //Starting a Discussion//​
 +   * Katie and Jieun - //Guiding the Discussion//​
 +For {{:​astro300_f10:​davisdiscparticipation.pdf|Discussion Participation}}
 +   * Francesca - //General Strategies//​
 +   * Garrett - //​Increasing Student Participation//​
 +   * Tim - //Keeping the Discussion Going//
 +For {{:​astro300_f10:​davisaskquestions.pdf|Asking and Fielding Students'​ Questions}}
 +   * Casey - //Asking Questions General Strategies//​
 +   * Jonathan and Mike - //Levels and Types of Questions// (Both are important, each of you pick one)
 +   * Jess, Iok, Allison - //Effective Questions//
 +   * Michelle - //​Responding to Students'​ Responses// ​
 +   * Rachel - //Fielding Students'​ Questions General Strategies//​
 +   * Josh - //Answering Routine Questions//
 +   * Aaron - //Handling Difficult Questions and Questioners//​